2015 is a landmark year in the field of development. The era of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is coming to a close and the period of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is at the door steps. The United Nations Sustainable Development Summit is going to happen in New York exactly one month from today, from 25 to 27 September, 2015. The key agenda of the Summit is to formally adopt the post-2015 development agenda.
The set of MDGs, which was established in 2000, had set eight targets to be achieved by 2015 for the UN member nations. Most of the goals were concerned with the fight against poverty. Some of them have been achieved, some have not. India has made commendable progress in reducing the number of people living in extreme poverty, currently measured as living below $ 1.25 per day per person, while targets regarding sanitation facilities are far from being met. The set of SDGs consists of 17 goals to be achieved by 2030, on a range of topics such as poverty, gender equality, sustainable growth, cities, climate change, and ecosystems, among many.
For a layman, one easy way to relate to this shift is to think of the progression from school to college, or from an undergrad course to a post-grad course. An important jump, milestone, in the same direction and journey. Just another phase in the same process, in pursuit of pre-determined, valuable objectives. There is no radical change, and one is not desired also, as people know well where they want to head to. Everyone is convinced that we need to make our world free of poverty and hunger, our people should live in prosperity, they should be educated, and we should keep our planet safe and clean for coming generations. All we need is, someone to sit and decide which targets have to be met by when and how to go about it. That’s exactly what has been done by MDGs and SDGs.
For more information on SDGs and the Summit in September, visit the following pages:
United Nations Sustainable Development Summit 2015 (the above image has been taken from this page)
For the post-2015 agenda for sustainable development, proposed for adoption at the Summit, click here.